Five Practices of Leadership
From The Leadership Challenge, by James Kouzes & Barry Posner
- Model the Way
Leaders establish principles concerning the way people should be treated and the way goals should be pursued. They create standards of excellence and then set an example for others to follow because the prospect of complex change can overwhelm people and stifle action, they set interim goals so that people can achieve small wins as they work toward larger objectives. They unravel bureaucracy when it impedes action; they put up signposts when people are unsure of where to go or how to get there; they create opportunities for victory.
- Setting an example
- Achieving Small Wins
- Inspire a Shared Vision
Leaders passionately believe that they can make a difference. They envision the future creating an ideal image and unique image of what the organization can become. Through their magnetism and quiet persuasion, leaders enlist others in their dreams.
- Envisioning an uplifting future
- Enlisting others in a common vision
- Challenge the Process
Leaders search for opportunities to change the status quo. They look for innovative ways to improve the organization. In doing so, they experiment and take risks. And because leaders know risk taking involves mistakes, and failures, they accept the inevitable disappointments as learning opportunities.
- Searching for opportunities
- Experimenting and taking risks
- Enabling Others to Act
Leaders foster collaboration and build spirited teams. They actively involve others. Leaders understand mutual respect is what sustains extraordinary efforts; they strive to create an atmosphere of trust and human dignity. They strengthen others, making each person feel capable and powerful.
- Fostering Collaboration
- Strengthening People
- Encouraging the Heart
Accomplishing extraordinary things in organizations is hard work. To keep hope and determination alive, leaders recognize contributions that individuals make. In every winning team the members need to share in the rewards of their efforts, so leaders celebrate accomplishments. They make people feel like heros.
- Recognizing individual contributions
- Celebrating Team Accomplishments